Monkeypox

Monkeypox is a viral illness that primarily spreads through skin-to-skin contact, although it can also spread through respiratory secretions during prolonged, face-to-face contact. It is endemic in some countries but not the United States, though several countries, including the United States, have seen cases in 2022.

  1. Signs & Symptoms
  2. Transmission
  3. Prevention
  4. Healthcare Providers

Monkeypox typically begins with:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Backache
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Chills
  • Exhaustion

Within 1 to 3 days (sometimes longer) after the appearance of fever, the patient develops a rash, often beginning on the face then spreading to other parts of the body.

  • Some people experience a rash or sores first, followed by other symptoms and some people only experience a rash or sores
  • The rash or sores are sometimes located on or near the genitals or anus, but sometimes in other areas like the hands, feet, chest or face – sores will go through several stages before healing (see below)
  • Sores may be inside the body, including the mouth, vagina, or anus

The rash may begin as small, flat, round discolorations that become raised and fluid-filled (clear or pus) before scabbing. These spots and the fluid in them carry virus that can infect others. Once scabs fall off, the area is no longer infectious.

The illness typically lasts for 2−4 weeks. Most patients with Monkeypox fully recover from the virus without treatment.

If you have symptoms, including any unexplained rash: Please call your healthcare provider and inform them of your symptoms. If you do not have a healthcare provider, you can find one at FindHelpPhx.org

For more information, visit CDC.gov/MonkeyPox.